Thursday, April 28, 2011

Sơn Trà peninsula

Located at 13km from Đà Nẵng city, the peninsula is 13km long with low-and-high mount-peaks, it looks like open arms to welcome visitors from Eastern sea. Arrivals to Sơn Trà are convenient in both waterways or by roads but assess by waterways is more exciting and surprising.
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 Sơn Trà peninsulaPhoto: T.V
Gone with wartimes, Sơn Trà remains untapped as a natural museum, a “second lung” for Đà Nẵng city folks, it’s a protective screen against typhoons, a strategic outpost. Sơn Trà natural reserve is rich in ecological categories of fauna and flora, specifically in coastal forests. There are now 4,370ha of unexploited forests, the cross-breeds of North and South vegetations with 298 flora species of 217 braches, 90 groups and it’s home to monkeys. There are even 400 langurs, long-tail monkeys, red-face chickens. Deep in the forest, it’s ideal for sightseeing tours, picnic, eco-tours or training tours.

Sơn Trà sea is clearly pearl -like with fine and untapped beaches: Tiên Sa, bãi Bắc, bãi Bụt, bãi Xếp, bãi Nam… an aqua cultural services of Đông Hải Company for export, for fishing sightseeing and study-tours. In the South of the peninsula, there are coral reefs, very good for diving discovery. Famous beaches: Con, Xếp, Rạng… under bushy foliages and visitors could avail themselves of swimming, diving, fishing, squids or shrimps catching, climbing or integrating into locals’ life and enjoy their seafood.

To make the best use of Sơn Trà potentials, the city Đà Nẵng has invested over 1, 000 billions VNĐ in infrastructures and protection of the eco-reserves. The city also invested 500 billions VNĐ besides vital project along the East -West economic corridor to build a tourism belt-ring along Sơn Trà - Điện Ngọc coast, expected to become operational in late 2005 and a tourism bridge to link Liên Chiểu – Thuận Phước road with Sơn Trà at the river -mouth (Hàn). A new tourism complex was started, the first is in Đà Nẵng on the peninsula which will satisfy all visitors’ demands in a 4-star complex with entertainment and water-game services. A water-music park technologically equipped by Japan and Great Britain, a family park, family hotel complex, sports services, diving, surfing, para-sailing.

Sơn Trà discovery is eventful during Đà Nẵng visit. Exciting Sơn Trà will be more attractive and successful in well -managed and well-exploited natural recourses honored by the creator.

                                                                              CÔNG THÀNH 

Đá Dựng mountain

Hà Tiên, the Southernmost province is rich in historic and cultural relics. How could visitors to Hà Tiên forget such beauties and landscapes Thạch Động, Phụ Tử or father -and-son mount, Mạc Cửu tomb, Mũi Nai beach, especially the Đ á Dựng tourism complex.
Photo: Phạm Lự
Đá Dựng is locally named Châu Nham, is part of Hà Tiên limestone range, only blue stone in Mỹ Đức commune, about 4km from Hà Tiên town. The mountain is not high but rocky and perilous. There are grottoes on mountain slopes, outstanding in a boundless water-field neighboring Cambodia.

Its legendarily believed that since time mountains met the sea, there were plenty of caves and grottoes and mangroves, an ideal habitat for bird-sanctuaries. Governor of Hà Tiên Mạc Thiên Tích and his learned fellowmen in Chiêu Anh Các (a club of poets) described the scene of white stocks on the mountains to be one of Hà Tiêns ten most beautiful landscapes.

There are 11 caves and grottoes, differently named: Biệt Động, Quân Y, Thạch Sanh, Nam Vang and Hoàng Gia Each name is sourced from a historical event or a man noted for his merits.

Below is cave N04 or Quân Y (or military health service unit) that still retains religious traces of our ancestors. The nature is sparkling in dew-curtain that looks more soleumn and scared at one end of the cave is an ancient pagoda, called Kỳ Sơn Tự.

Thạch Sanh grottoes is on mountain -top, the most beautiful one, stalactites and stalagmites look very much like characters in legendary story Thạch Sanh. There is a fairy -well or Giếng Tiên where fairies normally took a bath. On grotto Trống Ngực, it will make sound like drumbeat when you just lightly flap on your own chest or grotto Rồng where small rocks look like flakes of a dragon.

Visitors to Đá Dựng are happy to discover new thing, apart from mountain climbing, especially to enjoy more legends and folktales told by the local people or written in story-books. 

                                                                               CÔNG THÀNH 

Đông Hồ - Hàng Trống new-year paintings

Traditionally, every year when New-year comes, colourful paintings are on sales from cities to countrysides, from lowlands to highlands, that make Tết atmosphere more happy.

As religious beliefs, more people prefer New-year paintings. Sometimes hand-made pictures are in short supply, painters have to print and for generations pictures get produced by printing on wood scripts.
Famous are paintings from Đông Hồ (Hà Bắc), Hàng Trống (Hà Nội), Kim Hoàng (Hà Tây), Nam Hoành (Nghệ An), Sình (Huế), in the South and in mountainous areas. But best known are paintings from Đông Hồ and Hàng Trống. It’s different from others in materials and painting techniques.

Đông Hồ artists print pictures on wooden scripts. Colours and carvings are made on wooden boards with chisels while Hàng Trống painters make with knives and chisels.

Đông Hồ artisans print colours first, then the carvings, so many pictures need so many carvings and they use poona-paper to keep long the colours. Ink is made of kinds of grass, plants, fruit, soil that have natural colours that are mixed in with rice-powder. So the paintings can live long. These pictures do not need framing in glass, just sticking on the walls…

Hàng Trống paintings are made in Hàng Trống street (Hà Nội) or in other region of the same style and mostly paintings for worship. Hàng Trống pictures are both painted and printed, the images and style are very flexible and active to meet buyers’ demands. Hàng Trống pictures sometimes are made very large to be hung on high buildings. Hàng Trống pictures depict daily life activities, but almost for worships.

Đông Hồ and Hàng Trống paintings are in fast increase to meet ever -growing sense of beauty of the Hanoians and foreigners during Tết.

                                                                     HIỀN THANH 

Khánh Sơn - homeland

Khánh Sơn, a mountainous district of Khánh Hòa province is rich in natural resources and potentials. Khánh Sơn pass is a must to overcome to arrive at a beautiful spot, Khánh Sơn is home to different ethnic groups: Êđê, Tày, Kinh… Khánh Sơn people have a cultural life of a community and Khánh Sơn is said to be homeland of stone musical sets (dating back to thousand years) have been found here. Beyond Tô Hạp town is Sơn Bình commune, a river to surprise us by its upstream flow. It’s beyond all explanations why it’s not downstream but upstream – to highland birds are plentiful. There is a forest of 3-leafpine like in Đà Lạt, streams Lớn (big), Nhỏ (small) and Đá Nhảy are good stop -overs to view the scenes.

The most wonderful site in Khánh Sơn is water -fall Tà Gụ, a nice fall, 15m high, in the wild forest. At the foot of the fall, it’s a small lake where we can take a fresh bath.

The peculiar sounds of stone musical set “mà giá” attract numerous tourists whose ambition to see with their naked eyes and to hear the melodious sounds from stone pieces. The elderly mà giá prepare eco -tourism itinerary right in his gardens, fields by side of a stream and close to a shady forest, just to make his stone musical instrument more honorable and more valuable. Tourists can avail themselves of the small but cozy houses, forest or sit on stones by stream sides to enjoy the musical sounds.

To set consists of 4-stone-bars tied to 4 strong columns by rattans and 4 smaller stone used to strike fastens by a long rope to control the striking. The control-point is a pipe made of banana bark. When the pipe is full of water, it will pull the stones down, the water fill out that make the pipe return to starting –point which help make small stones strike on stone bars to have sounds. Low or high melodies depend on whether the stones are tied close to or higher up from the earth.

How interesting it’s to be in an evening in a stilt-house, drinking alcohol (rượu cần), eating baked chicken or chicken-soup, newrice, and listen to melodies tunes from stone sets harmonized with sounds of drums and gongs. It’s quite relaxing.

                                                                          ÁNH TRINH

Ninh Giang earthen crackers

Visit to any hamlet in Ninh Giang (Hải Dương province) is a good opportunity to see traditional contest of earthen crackers organized on Sundays after Tết holidays. And the locals feel very excited to ready themselves for the event, it’s not because of the prize but of their age-long tradition. Earthen crackers are made of special soil carefully processed, they pound the soil to be fine and make square blocks and on the eventful day, young girls bring the soil to the contest-ground.

On the day, the whole villagers attend and the contestants (of all ages) are very skilful, strong and patient. Crackers are varied depending on the weight, but the least weighty must be 10kgs and the most one is 50kgs in different shapes. The finished cracker looks like a boat and the frame is round and large as a bike-tire. The decisive factor in how to drop. Competitors have to unanimously raise the cracker high in the cheers of spectators and precisely, all drop it down how to let it fall on the ground flatly. If it’s too soft, the crackers will get deformed and if it’s too high, it will broak. The winner is decided by the explosion, resounding and echoing. So to get the soil ready plays an important part in the event, just a minor mistake, it will spoil the cracker.

At final round, the champions are privileged to drop the last cracker and the winner will be dressed with a red coat and upheld high by attendants, then everybody tries to tear his shirt, just to take a piece as a lucky sign for the New year.

Don’t hesitate to come and see how the locals get excited for the event and why the game lives long with the tradition.

                                                           THANH HƯƠNG

SF - Dinh Cô festival

Dinh Cô is a small temple dedicated to a young virginal girl who got drowned. The temple was built on a hill -top near the beach Long Hải in Bà Rịa - Vũng Tàu province. The festival lasts 3 days (from 10th – 12th of lunar December every year), thousands of visitors come from TP. Hồ Chí Minh city, Lâm Đồng, Bình Thuận and Southwestern.

In the morning of 10th lunar February, the local pay homage to "the girl", each comer has a white lily as symbol of virginity. Many believers try to climb 187 stone-steps to the temple in a view to pray for gook lucks. On 10th and 11th nights, the whole region is brightly lit up with lights and lanterns. Boats from all corners gather here to make the festival more cheerful and exciting.

The ceremony in held on 12th, from the temple, the pilgrims proceed to the berth, get on board, the ships and boats for the prayers. The ceremony is in solemn atmosphere with traditional performance. Dinh Cô festival is a cultural identity of the fishing villages in Bà Rịa - Vũng Tàu.

Việt Nam, a country of 4-season festivals. It's a culture worth being preserved and respected.

SF - Fisher people's festival

Fishersmen ceremony in Quảng Nam - Đà NẵngPhoto: T.V
The event takes place every 3 years in the central part and it lasts 3 days (normally from mid-January to March lunar). It's both ceremony and festival. The eventful ritual is opened at midnight to wish for best luck and safety and to memorize the dead. At about 5 am, it's fishermen ceremony (on land and in the water).

Most exciting is boat-race of the fishing villages and it starts with solemn ceremony competitors show their talents in opening event (4 phases), and each phase with a card to pray for good luck and good weather, good crop.

In fishing village Thuận An (Thừa Thiên – Huế), there's a ceremony of spreading fishing-net that relive the customs of the fishing villages. Firstly, the oldest man is respected to pray for a prosperous year by land Gods, sea Gods… After a round of drumbeat, he drops coins and worship objects on the ground and the children try to take it as gook luck. They are disguised as fish, shrimps… then fishermen bring in a sedan chair with a man on. He spreads the fishing net on the children, the player narrow the round until the children are surrounded.

Children are considered as fish trying to escape, then the fishermen catch the fish. Nice fish are placed nearby the altar, the rest are put "on sales"- everything goes on as well as in real life.

In Quảng Nam - Đà Nẵng, festivals take place normally in lunar mid-March, the locals worship the "Mr Fish" on the Dolphin and also start the fishing season. Fishing boats from all corners gather here. In families, altars are decorated with worship-objects and the ceremony opens on the procession to the open-sea accompanied by performances of folklores and classic opera or tuồng.

Fishing villages in Phú Yên - where almost people earn their living by fishing, the festivals are organized in lunar March when the new fishing season begins to pay their tribute to the forefathers and ancestors to worship "cá ông or the Dolphin", to pray for good and lucky year. The ceremony is held in the village temple with worship offerings, worship speeches, and performances while the festival means games and sports, eating and drinking.

Spring festival - Hung temple festival

Hung temple festivalPhoto: Trần Tuấn
It's national festival to be organized every year at 3 pagodas: lower - central and upper ones on mount Nghĩa Lĩnh, Hy Cương commune, Phong Châu district, Phú Thọ province.

The morning of the 10th of lunar March, it's the eventful festival. After 3 rounds bronze drums and gongs, the ceremony opens, then processions from villages proceed to the centre. Processions look very colourful with flags and canopies, musical bands and the pilgrims. At the front-gate, minority girls perform local dance. From door-gate of well-pagoda to lake Đa Vao there are games and sports: dwelling, tug-of-war, arrow-shooting and sedan-chair procession… In the lake, there are boat-races by villagers. Pair of dragon-boats beautifully decorated speed ahead in the cheers of spectators on either banks. In the grounds, there are ball-throw, swinging or singing contests with local songs (xoan, ghẹo).

Hùng temple is a relic -complex that go deep into the hearts of Vietnamese in a view to worship the national founders and the festival is not only for the people at home but for Vietnamese overseas.

Spring festival - Đống Đa festival

Dragon -dance in Đống Đa festival
Photo: Tiến Dũng
The event takes place on 5th of lunar January annually and people get excited to attend. The celebration of Đống Đa - Ngọc Hồi victory at historic Đống Đa mounds in Hà Nội. It's the resounding victory of the farmer – hero Nguyễn Huệ – the emperor Quang Trung who led Tây Sơn army and defeated the Chinese Quing invaders in 1789 ( year of cock). There' s always a performance to relive the victory, dragon- dance, sword - dance, martial arts and popular games: tug-of-war, cock-fighting, Chinese chess, wrestling… that attract visitors far and wide.

Spring festival 01

Spring in synonym of festivals and it's estimated to be 3,000 in all nationwide. In festivals, there are normally worships, processions, traditional arts, folkloric singing or dances or games.
It's a discovery for foreigners to be in Việt Nam Tết, to find out new sprits, new culture and hospitality of the Vietnamese. Occasionally, VTR presents a few to name in Việt Nam.

New-year days in the Southwestern part

South Westerners get ready for Tết right from early lunar December. Markets on land or floating meet from 23rd day and the area is said to be a paradise of fruits .
Eco-tourism in Mêkông DeltaPhoto: Bùi Hỏa Tiễn
Watermelon is seen everywhere and quite fresh. During Tết holidays, watermelons are placed on families’ altars. After Tết, people share the fruit which is cut into pieces. If it’s red, it will bring good luck, things will be smooth so housewives are very careful to choose the fruits. Watermelons vary on species: round, oval or long the insides might be red or yellow. Most famous are fruits from Cao Lãnh, Trảng Bàng, Bạc Liêu and Trà Vinh.

Southern Vietnam is naturally favoured with delicious fruits and the New-year 5-fruit (5 kinds of fruit), tray is very diverse. 5-fruit baskets also displayed in sitting-room to make the house more beautiful. 5-fruit are papaya, orange, milk-fruit, mandarin, durian, pine-apple…

There are candied fruits of different kinds, but most popular is candied coconut-fruit, it’s tasty, easy to make and doesn’t cost much.

From mid-December (lunar month), villagers get busy preparing Tết. They make cakes, sweet porridge, from 29th - 30th of December, cakes are made to worship the forefathers.

Flowers are a must-to-have during Tết holidays and Southern area is rich in flower species and ornamental plants. Bonsai here is nationwide known.

Tết in the Southern part is very specifically tasted, it’s both traditional and modern. It makes the New-year atmosphere more exciting, relaxing and unforgettable.


Wednesday, April 27, 2011

Thăng Hen lake in Cao Bằng

Cao Bằng is well-known for its historic spots: Pắc Pó cave, Lê Nin stream or Karmax mountain, but best to name is lake Thăng Hen, 25km from the provincial town.

Thăng Hen lake in Cao Bằng;        Pho to: H.D

The lake is fresh water among 36 ones, high in the mountain of Trà Lĩnh district. It’s 3.000m long and nearly 1.000m large walled by forests and rocky mounts. The head source of the lake is a large cave where from outflow the unending water that makes the scenery more splendid. The lake has high tide and low tide every day and the lake water is all-year-round clear, in dry season or in flooding season as well.

The legendary lake is a good discovery. It’s rumored that, there is long long ago, a young boy, very smart and handsome who excellently passed his exam and promoted to be a mandarin. He was awarded with 7 days off to pay his tribute to the ancestors in the home village. Before leaving, he got married to a beautiful girl named Bi Óoc. So deep in love and happiness with his newly-wed wife that he forgot the day to return to royal capital. On the 7th night, he remembered his duty and in a hurry to say goodbye to his parents and wife and ran as fast as he could to the capital. Too hungry and too tired to continue his trip, he became exhausted after passing 36 rocky valleys now become 36 lakes with different names and the place he died now is the lake Thăng Hen.

A trip to the lake can be followed by a visit to Bản Giốc waterfall on Sino – Việt Nam border, in Đàm Thủy commune, Trùng Khánh district. The fall Bản Giốc is 53m high and 300m wide, in 3 levels pour down on rocks that make a white curtain of water. Even on hot days, it is cool and fresh here and entices more and more adventurers.

                                                                    CÔNG THÀNH

Enchanting Ninh Chữ

Ninh Chữ beach, with its 10km length, is situated in Khánh Hải commune, Ninh Hải district, about 6km to the East of Phan Rang - Chàm temple-town, and is considered one of the most beautiful beaches of Việt Nam. At this place, besides swimming and enjoying the fresh seafood, visitors can also visit many places of interest. By cruising in class-bottom boats, visitors will enjoy coral reefs, Thùng beach, Cốc beach, Đá Vách beach and contemplate the wonders of nature on the steep seaside cliffs.
In Ninh Chữ, visitors also have the opportunity to visit the Phước Dinh mobile sand dunes. Twice a year, these dunes at times move into the mainland, at others move out into the sea and are therefore called "mobile sand dunes". Under the hills are small streams curving to lead water into the ocean, and some blue shining lakes.

Night eating is a pleasure for visitors in Ninh Chữ. You can order the delicacies of this region such as clam porridge, or a squid pancake at midnight and still receive a welcoming smile from the vendor. Ninh Chữ, Phan Rang, attracts visitors by its hospitality and friendliness of a tourist site that stays up late.
Ninh Chữ beach in Ninh ThuậnPhoto: Đỗ Hữu Đức

Right in Phan Rang town, a Chàm temple is situated on the top of Trầu hill in Đô Vinh district, about 9km to the Northwest of the town named Pôklông Garai temple. It was built at the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th centuries. Upon coming here during the Katê festival, the biggest festival of the Chăm people sometimes around October, visitors will be able to observe rituals for offering costumes, sacrifices and bathing ceremonies for the Pôklông Garai statue. At the foot of the Pôklông Garai Chăm temple, a Chăm museum has been erected to display the artifacts of Chăm culture. Along the road from Phan Rang to the sea, a series of big and small hotels have sprung up. A bit further away, visitors can visit Vĩnh Hy bay about 40km to the northeast of Phan Rang. The bay is in the middle of the Vĩnh Hy village (Vĩnh Hải commune, Ninh Hải district) and is a magnificent range with towering mountain tops surrounding a white beach, with mysterious caves, and white bubble waterfalls that carry an air of pristine landscape created by nature.

Ninh Thuận also attracts visitors by its boundless Nam Cương sand dunes, the mystery of the Núi Chúa dried up forest and the distinctive features of Chămpa culture. It is an important connection node constituting the touristic triangle of Đà Lạt - Nha Trang - Ninh Chữ.

                                                                       THANH TÂM

Ornamental apricots Điền Hòa

It’s a good chance close to Tết or new-year days to visit Điền Hòa commune, Phong Điền district, Thừa Thiên - Huế province and see thousands of ornamental apricot-plants in bloom. Điền Hòa apricots are famous for the flowers (both colour and scent) and the well-experienced apricot-growers.
Ornamental apricots Điền Hòa - Huế
Photo: Như Quỳnh
Every year, when comes 10th - 25th of lunar December, apricot festival is organized for participants whose ornamental plants will be on show and for sales. It’s their age-old tradition to grow apricots. There are well-famed growers such as Mr. Nguyễn Văn Để, Đỗ Khả, Đặng Thân...

Điền Hòa apricots vary in species: hoàng trúc mai, hoàng diệp mai, diệp cúc mai..., but hoàng trúc mai is really a rarity due to its yellow petals and sweet flavours. Mr. Nguyễn Văn Bé said “apricots bloom early or late, that depends on the weather, but hoàng trúc mai (yellow apricot) always bloom in Tết season. Anyway, apricot-plants can be made in different shapes, but mostly in two: long vân and long giáng... In fact, it costs time and effects to have a good ornamental apricot as expected. It needs looking after in years, and there are 4 points to be cared for: the roots, the trunk, the branches, the shape. A good-looking plan must have 4 sides like dragons. In Mr. Được’s opinion, the grower must be very careful in everything to look after, from the time, we place the roots in a vase, then the branches. The vase or pot to grow the apricot must be carefully picked and chosen how to fit the plant both in size and colour. Anyhow “old apricots” need to be grown in old pots. In Điền Hòa park, now there is a hundred-year-old apricot and it blooms every year. The old and big apricots in Huế royal city came from Điền Hòa. In the whole village, now there are 2,000 plants from 10 -15 years old. In all 300 household that have at least 5 - 7 and at most 50-70 apricots. Each costs 3 millions VNĐ or more, same cost up to 40-59 millions VNĐ, especially to 100 millions. Many families become well-off thanks to apricot growing.

During Tết time, we can see apricots everywhere. Vietnamese living overseas, after celebrating at home, buy and transport apricots (by waterways) to France, America and Canada... 
                                                                                      THU HẰNG

Wonder - mountain Vệ Linh

Sóc temple complex (in Sóc Sơn, Hà Nội) composes of relics, related to god-hero Thánh Gióng, scattering from mountain-foot to the top, very attractive to visitors on their journey to see the legendary location of ancient Việts in their national construction and defense. From the mountain peak, the whole beautiful region can be viewed.
Sóc temple festival
Photo: Văn Chương
Before climbing to the top, just come to see temples at the foot: Trình, Mẫu, Đại Bi, Thượng... not very far from each other. Centrepiece is Thượng or upper temple, dedicated to god Thánh Gióng who wiped out the Chinese Ân invaders. It’s a temple of great magnitude built in streamline-shape. The outer house is 5-section and the inner house is smaller. Worship objects: statues, swords and weapons... are deeply identified of Việt culture.

On 6th of lunar January every year, a festival is organized by villages to commemorate the god Thánh Gióng (in his native land: Phù Đổng village, Gia Lâm district, it’s on 9th of lunar April). There are games and sports activities but most typical is cướp giò hoa. It means the 500 flowers attached to bamboo frame (symbol of the rod used by the god to fight the enemy). The game takes place on the first day, then comes the worship ceremony and it’s the most important for participants. It has been deeply rooted in the spiritual life of the locals and the pilgrims as well.
                                                                                  THU HẰNG

The imperial city of Lê dynasty

Lam Kinh is a historic site in Tho Xuan district, Thanh Hoa province, 200km form Hanoi in the Southwest. It’s a wonderland with rivers and mountains. In the first reign of Le dynasty, Lam Kinh was seen as the second capital of Vietnam. After historical changes and events, palaces, royal temples… now only remain in relics. Untouched by time now stand only the stone-monument Vinh Lang (stele), the tomb of King Le Thai To, the tomb and stele of King Le Hien Tong.
Lam Kinh citadel
The 10-year resistance led by Le Loi was ended in victory. On 15th of January in 1428 (Year of Monkey), Le Loi was crowned as Emperor in Dong Kinh, royal name Thuan Thien, the first and stationed in Dong Kinh (Thang Long – Hanoi today). Simultaneously, he had a second royal city built in Lam Son (his homeland) and called it Lam Kinh, also known as Tay Kinh.

Just 100m from the front door, there are still relics of the 6m-wide gate and two walls to the sides of Ngoc river. The citadel-foundation is 1.08m thick. 10m from the gate inside, there’s a man-made river, 19m wide. The river is sourced from Tay Ho until Lam Kinh palace. Across the river is an arrow-shaped brige Tien Loan Kieu or Bach Kieu (White brige) with a house on (thuong gia ha kieu). 50m from the brige, there’s an old well, in rectangular (3.5m long, 30m large) with 4 walls built of stone. The well is never dry and the water is very clear.

The tomb of King Le Thai To looks quite modest built on a large area shahed by old trees and plants. The head of the tomb is on the mountain while the side looks to the river. Stud-animals and mandarines were made of stone in small sizes that make the scene solemn but not powerful.

Visitors to Lam King seem to be back to the sacred land where the later Le was born and prosperous and we seem to be hearing the battle sounds of drums in the first days of the resistance. Almost architectural projects were destroyed except the stele-house and the tombs of Kings and Queens remain untouched. Deep in the ground, there are still relics of palaces, temples… and overall, it’s the fighting spirit of Lam Kinh that still lives in the hearts and souls of the Vietnamese.

Lam Kinh historic palace is being upgraded and rebuilt to preserve the traditional culture and architectural of Vietnam in the 15th century, to restore Tay Kinh as a destination for visitors at home and abroad.

                                                                       KIỀU HƯNG

Forget-me-not Quảng Bình

Located at 491km far from Hanoi in the South and 157km from ancient Hue imperial city in the North, bordered in the North by Ha Tinh province, in the South by Quang Tri, in the West by Laos and in the East by Eastern Sea on 116 km-long seacoast, Quang Binh province has plains, forests, mountains, rivers and islands. Undergone historical changes and natural events, Quang Binh is richly endowed with tourism potentials both in nature and humanism. Right in young city Dong Hoi, a city of tranquility, visitors are able to enjoy beautiful landscapes or strolling on fine beaches, Nhat Le, Quang Phu, Bao Ninh or swimming in clean water. Dong Hoi is also rich in cultural and historic identities, revolutionary traditions such as archaelogical sites Bau Tro, Dong Hoi Citadel, Quang Binh frontier post, Luy Thay....

The eco-tourism complex Phong Nha – Ke Bang is a must-see destination, three are about 300 caves and grottoes, large a small full of mysteries. It’s said to be the world wonder, to be “a Kingdom of Caves”, the paradise for scientists and explorers, tourists. In Phong Nha – Ke Bang virgin forests, there are more than 1000 mountain peaks, rocky, untouched, unexploited and it’s very exciting for adventurers. In the national park Phong Nha – Ke Bang, there is a tropical forest, almost unaffected. It’s covered almost 96,2% and vary in bio-diversity. There are 876 flora species, 140 animal species, 356 bird species, 99 reptile and amplibian species, 259 butterfly, 162 fish, 47 frog species and all these are listed in a red book by IUCN.

Moreover, in Phong Nha – Ke Bang, there are also historic and cultural relics of great values: archaelogical sites of pre – history, Champa culture and ancient Viets, the Anti – French Resistance base of King Ham Nghi in late 19th century (in Ma Rai Mountain) and famous localities: Ho Chi Minh trail, Xuan Son ferry, Nguyen Van Troi ferry, road N0 20, the tangible and intangible cultural values of Chut ethnics along Ho Chi Minh highway 7km from Dong Hoi city, in the West, there’s an eco-cultural tourism complex Vuc Quanh and open museum. Every relics, exhibit here testify to the revolutionary heroism of the Vietnamsese. On a 10 ha – large area, the models and images of Quang Binh people’s work – and – fight life 60 years ago have been reheated with hospital, field clinic, class – room, kindergarten, houses, stores, a – shaped bonch shelter, bomb craters, beaten road.

Bao Ninh village is a red address for visitors to Quang Binh. It’s a fishing village washed in sunshine and fresh air and landscape: sand- hills beaches, rivers, lakes side by side with green forest.

High-end Sun Spa Resort in Bao Ninh is ready at your services and ther are more to see: historic and cultural relics Luy Truong Sa, Sa Chuy post and the homeland of heroic Mother Suot.

                                                                 PHƯƠNG THẢO

Mẫu Sơn discovery

Mau Son tourism complex in Lang Son province, on 80 mounts and mountains is 1000m high above the sea level. Climate in Mau Son is typically Asian tropical and sub-tropical, cool and bright sunshire in summer, cloudy in winter. In spring, Mau Son seems to be covered by red colour of peach flowers and peach-fruit here are very tasty.
In Mau Son, you can carry out reseach study in virgin forest or climb the peaks Phia Me (1,520m high), Phia Bo (1,511m high). Mau Son forests are rich in flora species: sau sau, nganh nganh, pine-varieties, bamboo-shoots, mushrooms… especially the pure honey. The deeper into the forests, the more precious medicinal herbs we can find ba kich, nhan sam, huyen dang, that diep, ngu gia bi… With which the ethnic minority Dao people process in many traditional medicines, especially herbal bath that help to revitalize when we are tired and exhausted, we can take bath in bath-tub or bring herbs home.
Mẫu Sơn resort;          Photo: K.D
In Mau Son mountainous village’s archaelogists have found out ancient stone-architectures (stone-tombs and stone temples). It’s catacombs in rectangular (2.8m long and 1m wide, 0,5m high). The builders used natural stones to set up a wall in the west and small stones in the north and east. The tomb was covered with a smaller square stone, that’s why in the south, there’s a tunnel of 2m long and its catacomb.

In Mau Son, there are streams running o flat stones (dozens of meters long) and make waterfalls in windy forests. The stream water and the secret distillery skills help the locals to produce Mau Son alcohol. “Mau Son whisky” is a special product. It’s tasty and easy to make drinkers drunk. Such alcohol can only be made here in Mau Son, no otherwises.

Visitors to Mau Son on spring will be lucky to attend a local wedding ceremony of the Dao minority, to enjoy fried pigs with mac mat leaves and Mau Son alcohol, to take part in singing.

Please, come to Mau Son, just to put away your busy and noisy life in cities, to discover nature, to enjoy local foods and drinks, to find out local life styles and to by local products for souvenirs and presents on the way home.

                                                                     THANH SƠN

Tân Cương - Tea of Thái Nguyên

Located at about 13km from Thái Nguyên city in the West, Tân Cương is really a destination with natural scenery, sloping hills facing the sunset called “lizard mountain” or “núi Thằn Lằn”. All the streams, headed from the forests, are running along the hill-front to freshen the land of famous tea.

Green environment and clean air seem to activate the community life and to surprise the visitors. Hill after hill, tea garden after each other and the flavour of tea make the whole area scented. Day by day, the locals busy themselves with picking and processing tea-buds, so highly-skilled as the conjurers, they are honoured to be the artisans. Each family has a drying-kiln and a house-owner can act in different roles: a farmer as growing, a worker (in processing) and a dealer (in selling tea). Tea-buds picking is for young girls, that’s why, on every tea-hill, it’s always filled with their laughter and singing. Traditionally, tea was dried in cast-iron pan or bronze pan, it needs patience and good care and only women are patient enough for the job. Nowadays, everything is done by machines, it takes less time. Any way, tea quality much depends on how to adjust the heat, sometimes, it’s up to 1800C for generations, the Tân Cương people can feel the heat with their hands.

Their sensitive and fingers tell them how and when to make the heat high or low. If it’s too hot, tea will become bitter taste. Some skilled people can feel the heat by moving tea leaves. No visitors can come close to the drying pan, although they are carefully instructed.

Tea-buds, after picking, need drying in shades in 3 hours, it’s a precious experience handed down by generations. Visitors to Tân Cương will be guided to the “ancestral land”, to see the old tea-plants in Lam Sơn, under the foot of Guộc mountain. The old tea-trees are so big that a man can only embrace with wide-open arms.

It’s very interesting and joyful to sip the tea in the fresh-air atmosphere while listening to aged people telling the history of their “ancestral land of tea”. Tân Cương tea flavours seem to be the quintessence of natural scents. Don’t forget to buy the local products - Tân Cương tea for your presents and souvenirs when you visit the land.

                                                                    CÔNG THÀNH

Mũi Điện - where the sun rise is first seen

On the north - south road, in between cols Cù Mông and Cả, you will see Mũi Điện - where the dawn is first welcome daily in Vietnam mainland.
Mũi Điện (Điện cape) lies on mountain-peak Bà of Đại Lãnh range (part of Trường Sơn range that creates Vũng Rô bay). Mũi Điện is locally named Mũi Nạy due to its look like a tree-branch from the open sea.
Môn beach

On maps under Nguyễn dynasty, Đại Lãnh range was carved on Tuyên urn - in Minh Mạng rule (Tuyên is one of 9 dynastic urns still well preserved in the imperial city - Huế ancient capital). In late 19th century, French naval captain Varella, in his inspection tour of South-East Asian sea, discovered the cape and marked on the maritime chart. Due to its importance on water ways in 1980, the French built a light-house on 80m height (above the sea-level) and the sea-farers could see the light on their way, so it was called Mũi Điện (cape of electricity). In 1945, the light-house was out of operation until it was rebuilt in 1995 (on 3rd of July). The house is now one of 45 national ones and it’s one of 8, over one-hundred-year-old light-house in Vietnam. The house is 26m high (inside, there’s a 107 spiral wooden staircase) and it has 26,5 nautical miles in geographical sight with 24 nautical mile light. It’s operated by automatically sun-battery from 6PM to 6AM following day with standard lighting (15 second-cycle) which link the seafarer and the mainland.

Before 2004, it has to take motor-boat to arrive at Mũi Điện. Nowadays, visitors can go by car, there’s a steep-slope road leading to the peak, and a small bay at the food of the mount by side of a sand-hill. Môn beach is 1,5km long with clear water and calm sea, not so deep for children. In the west of the beach, there’s a small spring shared by forests in north Đèo Cả. The spring runs zigzagging on the beach out to the sea. In the evening, visitors will be relaxing by enjoying grilled fish (freshly-caught), listening to tales and stories of the light-house watchmen.

Mũi Điện and the light-house make a wonderful landscape where the dawn is first seen daily, ideal for discovery. The Provincial People’s Committee plans to build it as an attractive destination and festival to welcome sun-rise will be held every year at visitors’ demand.

                                                                               THU TRANG

Water falls - Tourist potentials of Đắk Nông

In dialect of M’ Nông ethnic minority, Đắk Nông means a gourd of water, a thing inseparable from western highlanders. Đắk Nông is considered as second Đà Lạt in the high plateau, the head sources of rivers and steams which gave rise to a number of beautiful waterfalls: D’ray Sap, Gia Long, Trinh Nữ, Liêng Nung, Đắk Glun, Ba Tầng…
D'ray Sap water fall
Photo: Ngọc Hà
Most wonderful is fall D’ray Sap in Krông Nô district. In the natural landscapes, D’ray Sap water pours down from 20m height. In Ê đê language, D’ray Sap means fall of smoke. Legend has it that, there once lived a young girl named H’mi, a hard-working farmer. One day when she was having a rest, a monster so big that its head as a mountain, its eyes as the big pots, with long beard and pointed teeth, its body was covered by shining scabs. It appeared from sky and flied in a river, its trunk went deep into the soil that made a colossal column of water. The monster flung the wings, made a heavy rain, and then disappeared. H’mi was so frightened that she turned into fog, and her boyfriend into a big tree. The right spot is now the waterfall D’ray Sap. Their passionate love created the fall, as beautiful as the rainbow in the thin screen of water and smoke.

Trinh Nữ fall (virginity) is about 1km from the district town Cơ Jut in the west. You can walk on stone –steps round the fall viewing natural beauty in the sounds and sights of the fall, you can take a rest or even stay overnight in tent or in stilt-house of the highlanders.

Gia Long fall in about 50m high and 100m large, flowing downstream to river Serepok. There’s a small lake in between the forests, the “Fairy lake” as it’s called, is 80m2 large, clean, clear and beautiful. Gia Long fall is very attractive to visitors.

At about 8km from Gia Nghĩa town in the water fall Liêng Nung, an eco-cultural tourism area. The fall hides itself in the hills and forests. The natural scenery, the noise of falling water and the singing of birds, the 30m-high water flows make the scene more attractive and fascinating.

Apart from rivers and streams, there are large lakes in Đắk Nông such as Easo, West, Trúc, Ea T’linh and Đắc Rông… that have become tourist potentials good for future tourism development.

                                                                                NGUYÊN HẢI

Tuesday, April 26, 2011

Conquest of Phanxipan

Phanxipan (3.143m high) is the highest mountain in Vietnam and in Indochina as well.
On the peak of Phanxipan
In local language, Phanxipan or Hủa xi pan, means “unsteady colossal stone”. Phanxipan is part of Hoàng Liên Sơn range, in Southwest of Sapa town, bordering north - western provinces Lào Cai and Lai Châu. Phanxipan in now the venue of mountain climbers and this special tour can be operated and guided by professional travel agencies or local tour leaders. The first morning is coach trip from Sapa to Trạm Tôn hill-top, then climbers begin the tour through small mountains to a 1900m-high. Stop-over by a stream-side for camping, cooking and overnight rest. The second day is continued to the highest peak Phanxipan (3.143m high above the sea level). This is the most strenuous part of the journey but the most interesting to take a rest and have lunch on the roof of Vietnam. It’s also dangerous way due to its winding and rocky trail with one side is high mountain and the other is deep valley.

Best time for Phanxipan conquest is from September to following March. Anyway, the road to the roof is the finest in late February when wild flowers are in full bloom. What a poetic and romantic scene it’s in the forests and mountains and it’s also good time for nature’s photo-hunters of old conifer-trees green ivory bamboos, clear-water streams, stone-fields and the red sun in floating clouds. Weariness and hardships seem to give way when you put your hands on a metal tower - the bust of President Hồ Chí Minh in a glass case.

For this discovery
Please contact
Vietway Travel
Tel: 04.7724766
Add: P101- K2 - Thành Công, Ba Đình, Hà Nội
Sapa Travel Service
Add: Sapa town
Tel: 020.871674

                                                                                  NGUYỄN VŨ

Phượng Hoàng cave and Mỏ Gà stream

Phượng Hoàng or Phoenix cave and Mỏ Gà  or chicken stream were classified as national heritage by the Ministry of Culture and Information in 1994.
 Mỏ Gà stream in Thái Nguyên
Photo: HD
About 800m from national road N07, Phượng Hoàng cave lies on top of the mountain (600m above the sea level). There seem to be two fondling phoenixes. The mountain is called Phượng Hoàng due to a originally legendary story: there’s one a happy couple of phoenixes.
When the female laid two eggs, it stayed home and hatched while the made one was away looking for food. One day, he was so busy with natural beauty that he got lost and forgot his wife until he realized it and flied home, only to see his wife turned into stone while waiting for him. So regretful, he lied and looked over the stone, his  wife with out eating anything, then he died and the God turned him into stone too, and let them be together. It takes you just one how to reach the top. The cave has 3 floors, the uppermost is Thượng or Dơi cave, then saving or light cave (it’s lighted by sunshine from the East and South East). Giữa cave is about 1000m2 large, there are stalagmites and stalactites and dripping water inside. The underground cave is Dark (sunshine can never reach here).
From the cave-door, we proceed to stream-cave Mỏ Gà. Story has it that long, long ago, it didn’t rain a long time the fields and farmer went into forest cutting wood. A fairy man turned himself into a hen and chickens. The farmer chased to catch the hen and the chickens, but they finally disappeared in a big stone, thinking, they might be these so the farmer moved the stone away, and to his surprise a current of fresh water rushing out. Thanks to this, the fields became green again, crops got bumper and the people’s life changed. Be grateful, the people named their village Mỏ Gà. The stream water is very clean and fresh from inside the mountain. The cave is about 10-20m wide and 2-6m deep (it’s here waist-deep there heel-deep). Nobody known how long the stream is. But when you come inside 300-400m, it looks more attractive, there’s a flat stone like a bed, and it’s called “fairy bed”, there are 5 or 6 small waterfalls.
Mỏ Gà stream and Phượng Hoàng cave become a surprise for tourists. 
                                                            NGUYÊN VŨ

Stone cathedral Phát Diệm

From Ninh Binh town, it will take you about 30 minutes to arrive at Phát Diệm. Even 3km from afar, the cathedral or the sanctuary could be seen. Its s group of oriental architectural projects in the greenery of old trees and closer at sight, you will see the solemn cross of the sanctuary.
The Cathedral was built in 24 years (1875-1899). As believed by a professor architect from Japan, it needed 1000 well-skilled scuptors working continuously in 10 years to finish the project. How to move 30-ton stone, 8-10-ton fire wood columns, 200km far from Phat Diem in the late 19th century is really a wonder and a great surprise.
Phát Diệm cathedral complex has 5 buildings and the principal one lies in centre. All churches look imposing and lofty but quite in harmony with natural landscapes and rich in oriental so surrounded by a decorative walls (built of Bát Tràng bricks) on an area of 30.000m2. The walls and the columns outside got damaged by time now.
Phương Đình is the most important of Phát Diệm cathedral. It’s 25m high, 24 m long and 17 wide, all made of stone. The artists – builders were quite talented to put on 3-ton heavy stone. In the middle of Phương Đình (principal hall) there’s a stone bed (made of one stone block), there are outsides  and insides stone – panels depicting Vietnam’s traditional arts. On the 3rd floor, there a bronze bell (cast in 1890), it’s 2 tons heavy. On the walls around there are stone-bars carved with bamboo-trees that make the scene airy and supportive. The difference between the Phương Đình and other churches lie in the roofs. Unlike the roof of towers but it’s hasmineones in European and Vietnam’s traditional style.
The cathedral “the heart of Virgin Mary”, also called the stone-cathedral was built in 1883. Every thing here is built of marble (the floor, the columns, the beams, the bars, the altars or the towers…typically are the phoenix-panels, the master – pieces in stone scupture. In the end, there are two stone-lions. In 4 corners, there are 4 pictures of seasons (tứ quý) depicting tùng – cúc – trúc – mai (pine - buttercup - ivory-bamboo - apricot), symbols of fine climate and natural beauty. Most impressive might be 4-gods on 4 towers of the belfry, and on top is the cross. At the foot of the belfry are smaller panels depicting the life of the Christen God, and his missonary zeal.
Although faded and damaged by time, the image of lofty Phát Diệm sanctuary still remain. It’s also a good destination for visitors from  all corners to Ninh Bình province.
                                                                               HẢI LÊ

Tiền Giang – the land of gardens and canals

Tiền Giang province lies along Tiền river and criss-crossed by canals, islets and 4-season fruit trees. The province is potential on eco-tourism. On islets, tourists seem to live with green nature of endless rivers and boundless gardens of fruits-trees.
The mangroves and the maritime tourism complex Tân Thành – Hàng Dương (Gò Công district) will satisfy your every demands. Fauna and flora diversities will meet your discovery requirements with specific animals and plants such as: tràm, sao, súng, bàng, lác, rùa… Tasty fruits: longan, mangos… a must to try. Don’t forget to visit historic relics, religions construction projects, cultural heritages Óc Eo, 200-year-old pagoda Vĩnh Tràng and the southern traditional arts. Pagoda Bửu Lâm (in Mỹ Tho) is the typical architectural project in the 19th century of southern Việt community. The provincial traditional festivals in Ấp Bắc victory celebration, the southerners’ insurrection, memories to honour national hero Trương Định, ethnic minorities’ festivities of Kinh, Kh’me, Hoa, Chăm groups… Apart from fresh air, good food, tourists are opportune to find out the locals’ customs and habits or the fisher people lifestyles or to discover ancient town Gò Công where age-old houses are well-preserved, historic and cultural relics: Hoàng Gia tomb, temple dedicated to Trương Định… are well-kept and protected.
            Đồng Tâm snake-farm was established in 1977 on an area of 30ha. It’s said to be the number-one museum of snakes in Vietnam where snake of all species are raised to provided venom for medicines. Snakes are not only fed in natural environment but also kept in underground farm (4,000m2 large) with 3m-high walls for protection. Initially, there were only a few species, now there are 52 snake-families: krait, copperhead, cobra, python, grass-snake… There’s a snake that weighs 18kg. The farm management board and Tiền Giang Tourism authority are in good cooperation and co-ordination to upgrade the farm to make it a destination for tourist.

Chè or sweet soup, a special of Hanoi

Sweet-soup shops can be seen in almost streets in Hanoi: Hàng Buồm, Hàng Bạc, Cửa Nam, Sinh Từ, Tạ Hiện, Lương Ngọc Quyến, Lò Đúc, Khâm Thiên…
Hanoi is rich in sweet soups and each has its flavour, but they all look fresh, scented and something like smell of pomelo and jasmine. Sweet-soups are simply prepared but it needs efforts and patience and they vary in: lotus seeds, soft and green rice, black bean, green peas…
            Unlike sweet-soups from other provinces, Hanoians are very careful in selection of ingredients, preparation and even the ways to eat. Cereals, green peas, sticky rice… are the main. Sometimes sweet-soup is consumed with rice, so its rice-soup (or xôi-chè) ingredients to made soups are well-selected and processed, from the peas, sesame, ginger… to oil-species (banana, pomela, jasmine…). How to make the soup not so sweet, not too strong or not so dense… is really a question. Fresh and young corncop tastes so sweet as if it’s scented by the air and soil. Mixed soup is made up of all species: green peas, coconut, red peas and finest flow. Best of all sweet-soups is đậu hũ or soya-cake which is processed and prepared with almowd powder. Soya-cake might be “strange” firstly but the more you eat, the more you will like it.
            Sweet-soup or chè become familiar to Hanoians and even to the city’s visitors./.

Bạch Mã national park

Bạch Mã was recognized to be national park in 1991 and it’s naturally 22,031ha large. It’s the large forest in the Northern end of Trường Sơn mountain range in Thừa Thiên – Huế province. Average temperature in Bạch Mã is no lower than 40C in winter and no-higher than 260C in summer, considered to be ideal for holiday-markets.
Tourists visit Bạch Mã parkPhoto: Hải Dương
Bạch Mã is rich in flora with 1,406 species. Some are rare and valuable and these are trees so big that only 3 or 5 people could embrace it and there are trees that are 50m high. Wildlife is abundant here with 969 species (83 animal species, 333 bird species, 31 reptile species, 256 butterfly species, 178 insect species... Some  of these are listed in redbook: five-colour voọc, white-cheek vượn, sao la...
In 1923, a French botanist Delacour found out in Bạch Mã a precious bird (Trĩ family) and named it Trĩ Sao. Sometimes, in deep forest, they could be seen flying about and singing. From the administration headquarters, we have to walk about 2,5km where we can see a world of fauna and flora and the tour-end is a waterfall. The water falls noisily but it’s very clear and clean, we can have a swim here after a long and hard trip or we can take a lary walk in an area untouched, romantic and scented by plants and flowers.
If we take 9km further to the top and 1 km more, we will see 5 lakes inter-linked. These lakes were made up by two streams. In Ngũ Hồ (5 lakes) there’s a fish that is popularly named chúa tể or “lord of fish” or cá chình. It’s born in the sea but live in rivers and streams or lakes. From Ngũ Hồ, we proceed to the fall Đỗ Quyên, a grandio waterfall and thousands of Đỗ Quyên flowers (rhododendron) bloom along the stream-sides when spring comes.
Bạch Mã serve 15,000 visitors annually (both foreign and domestic). They come here to enjoy fresh air and observe rare flora and fauna. Bạch Mã is seen a donation to Vietnam by the nature.
                                                                         ANH TRUNG

Thiên Cấm Sơn

Thiên Cấm Sơn or Núi Cấm (forbidden mountain) lies in An Hảo commune, Tịnh Biên district, An Giang province, 30km far from Châu Đốc town in the West. The  mount is 710m high nick-named Đà Lạt in the Mekong Delta with fresh and clean air. Núi Cấm is best known in late summer, early Autumn when the seasonal rains leave the region a green carpet of plants and flowers.
Thiên Cấm Sơn Photo: Trọng Hiếu
Autumn when the seasonal rains leave the region a green carpet of plants and flowers.
Story has it that, the mountain was named Cấm when lord Nguyễn Ánh sought the hiding here to escape the Tây Sơn army. He lived on the mountain and allowed nobody to come but locally, it’s known for its mysteries and sacredness.
The road upward is very sloppy and zigzagging, there’s a stream Thanh Long (very clear water) running through grass, bushes and mossy stones. The mountain peak is vồ Bồ Hong (vồ means peak) where the whole scene of Hà Tiên town could be viewed in the foot of Tô Châu and Đông Hồ mountains. A little further in the South is Ba Thê area and núi Sập in the greenery of rice fields.
If traveling North-East, we come to Thuỷ Liêm cave where there’s a cool stream year-round. After crossing rocky road, we come to Thiên Tuế peak, Đá Dựng peak to observe the natural landscape or to see the green valley beneath with fruit-tree gardens.
The last venue is Phật Lớn pagoda built in 1911, and Vạn Linh  pagoda built in 1997. From distance, it looks like thiền viện Trúc Lâm in Đà Lạt. Vạn Linh pagoda is famous for its 7-story tower with curve roofs like a lotus flower. On the 7th storey, one can see the whole region Thất Sơn with mounts: Trà Sư, Bà Đội Om, Cô Tô, Két, Dài, Tượng... On a 30km long track where from a great statue Di Lặc is seen shining in the sun with his happy and thoughtless smile. The Buddha is 32m high, inside is a multi-storey house where pilgrims can come and meditate.
At the foot of the mountain is Lâm Viên tourism service area (100ha large) always merry in games, sports, entertainment and restaurant specializing in local products of Bảy Núi region.

                                                                         THANH HOA

Swampland Vân Long - Hạ Long bay on land in Ninh Bình

The swampland area lies in Gia Vân commune, Gia Viễn district, Ninh Bình province, at about 100km far from Hà Nội in the South. Nearly 3,500ha large, Vân Long swampland is home to thousands of fauna, flora and aquatic life, on rocks, in land or underwater.
Eco-tourism in Ninh Bình Photo: Nguyễn Thành Vinh
As sources of statistics, Vân Long has 457 species of high-grade botany, 8 of which are listed in Vietnam’s redbook, 39 species of animals, 32 species of amphibian reptiles, 44 fish species, 39 aquatic varieties, 79 insects, especially there are 12 animal species considered rare and precious: 72 units of white-short Voọc (one of five in monkey family seen as endangered species), 9 reptiles listed in Vietnam red-book:  hổ chúa (poisonous snakes), kỳ đà, trăn đất, rắn ráo trâu, tắc kè...). In dry season, Vân Long become winter habitat to many bird species: cò, mòng két, vạc... In May, July, visitors can find nests of le hôi bird and their eggs in grass.
There are 32 caves and grottoes in Vân Long. Some of them are very ideal for tourists: Cá, Bóng, Rùa... that are from 100 – 250m long. These are mutually linked caves with beautiful stalactites and stalagmites. We can take a ride on boat in early morning when it’s still dewy. In a quiet and tranquil atmosphere sometimes, birds are suddenly seen soaring up. We arrive in Kẽm Trắm lake, a boundless lake in the mountain area, it’s really picturesquare. Cá grotto is the largest and we have to ride across the grasslands, small ponds. Story has it that, one upon a time, there was a man who caught such a big fish that it could only be brought by few men. So the cave was named “fish or Cá”. In the cave, there are varieties of fish: trê, rô, chuối... The cave is about 250m long, half underwater, half on land. It’s said to be millions-year-old and there are lots of stalactites and stalagmites. Vân Long is beautified by its many high mountains: Mèo Cào, Nghiên, Hòm Sách, Đá Bàn...
Please, don’t forget to have a look at 600-year-old  fig tree or cây thị and many pagodas: Chi Lễ, Mai Trung, temple of Nguyễn lord, Địch Lộng and the temple of king Đinh Tiên Hoàng, temples to worship Thánh Ngọ and 4 ladies (4 woman-generals of Trưng Trắc and Trưng Nhị).    

                                                                              SƠN HẢI

Each visitor – one tree for green Đà Lạt

With an aim in environmental protection and to preserve natural beauty of Đà Lạt. Saigontourist has designed a greentour “each visitor – one tree for Đà Lạt”.
"Love valley" in Đà LạtPhoto: VC
Tour-members, after sightseeing Đà Lạt’s beautiful spots: fall Pongour, Thiên Vương pagoda, Domain De Marie cathedral, Vạn Hạnh monastery, valley “love”, Bảo Đại palace, gold and silver streams, Dankia lake, Cam Ly rose-garden, Langbiang mountain, Mimosa hill, Tuyền Lâm lake... will by themselves plant a tree to keep Đà Lạt green and beautiful. The tour is designed for 4 days, 3 nights and departure from Hồ Chí Minh city.
            For more details – please contact:
Travel Services – Saigontourists
49 Lê Thánh Tôn – district I, Hồ Chí Minh city
Tel: (84-8) 8279279 – Fax: (84-8) 8224987

Monday, April 25, 2011

Vàm Sát – a destination of ecotourism

Located in between two rivers Vàm Sát and Lòng Tàu, the Vàm Sát mangrove in 1.800ha large in the world’s biosphere Cần Giờ (3.300ha large) recognized by UNESCO.
A swamp of crocodiles in Vàm Sát
Vàm Sát is rich in bird species: storks, teals and herons…listed in the world’s red-book. There are now thousands of such birds nesting in Vàm Sat, the sanctuary is about 100 ha. Specifically there’s a tower called Tang Bồng (26m high) in Vàm Sat where from, the whole region could be viewed. From the tower Tang Bồng we can see dense forests with varieties of fauna & flora. Cần Giờ mangrove is rich in alluvium provided bay the head-river and river- basin. As statistics by the management board, in Cần Giờ there are about 175 flora species in 76 families and 145 fauna species.
            The best time in Vàm Sat is sunrise or sunset (the time to watch birds flying away or flying back). We can take a boat ride to swampland Dơi, deep in the forest to see thousands of bats hanging themselves on trees or we can relax bay catching crabs for lunch.
Part of Vàm Sát ecotourism
To meet the visitors’ demand Phú Thọ tourist company has invested to built a lake of crocodiles, a bird sanctuary of an Island of monkeys…
Fishing crocodile is very interesting for tourists. In the tourism centre, there’s a small lake modelling “dead sea”, the water in the lake is ten times saltier than seawater. So even for you can not swim, you will not sink in the lake. There’s also a pond of 40 crocodiles where we can see how they live and how they hunt for food. The bird sanctuary has 26 species (11 of water birds) and mainly is storks and herons.
            Established in year 2000 Vàm Sat eco-tourism is a good environment and in 2002, world tourism ogranization (WTO) recognized Vàm Sat to be one of two sustainable ecotourism development areas in victuamVietnam in total 65 Ecotourism areas in 47 countries.

                                                                    THU PHƯƠNG

National park Pù Mát

Located in the south west of Nghệ An province, North of Trường Sơn mountain range on 3 districts Con Cuông, Anh Sơn and Tương Dương, the national park Pù Mát lies on a large area and rich in bio-diversity with 2500 flora species of 150 families and 1000 fauna ones.

The natural landscapes and environment with waterfall Kẽm, hot-water spring Mọc, river Giăng and the cultural Identities of ethnic minority groups Thái or Đan Lai, Pù Mát is very good for ecotourism development.
Pù Mát is a similar name to all scientists due to its discovery of Sao la (a kind of precious animal) but there are still many thing for studies.
In Thái minority language Pù Mát means a high slope (Pù Mát is averagely from 200m-1814m above sea level) and Pù Mát peak is the highest (1814m). Pù Mát is famous for its 100 ha large forest of Săng lẻ (a kind of precious wood), at about 40km from the administration board. It’s a forest of very old trees (50 m high and shadowed year-round).
In the morning, it’s very interesting to be at waterfall Kẽm where the air is quite cool and fresh (despite the heat in central part). The fall is 150m high and 20km far from Con Cuông town. It’s believed by almost scientists to be the originally untouched waterfall. If seen from distance, it looks like a while sheet of silk in the natural beauty and merry in birds singing.
Pù Mát is more beautiful with the dam Phà Lài (flower of heavens) and red flamboyant flowers on both sides of Giăng river. It’s really an environmental landscapes for tourist to be here in varieties of flowers, especially orchids and flocks of jumping and running monkey to welcome visitors.
Lovers of nature can visit Pù Mát all year- round, due to its average temperature of 200C to 220C.
It’s only 90km from Vinh city, Pù Mát seems to be a different world, wonderful and almost untouched. Right and reasonable exploitation of Pù Mát is very good for ecotourism development.